2003

  • Are Western States’ Tax Structures Adequate?

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    This report examines tax structures in the Western states – a special concern of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education – and focuses on revenue adequacy and its relationship to other tax policy goals.

    October 2003 ~ 88pp. ~ Pub #2A349 ~ 1.38 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Financial Aid and Student Persistence

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    October 2003 ~ 4pp. ~ PDF ~ 890 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Financing In Sync - Policy Brief

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    October 2003 ~ 4pp. ~ PDF ~ 890 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Tuition and Fees Policies in the Nation's Public Community Colleges

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    This report briefly examines the circumstances in which community colleges function; broadly reviews the various types of state-level community college tuition and fees policies, and analyzes how those policies relate to the environment in which they are created, including their relationship to state financial aid policies. Finally, the report discusses several issues for policymakers to watch over the next several years as well as policy implications. States vary significantly in terms of the depth and breadth of community college tuition and fees policies, and as a result, this examination focuses on six key areas: (1) State Philosophies and Tuition and Fees Policies; (2) Authority to Set Tuition and Fees; (3) Tuition and Fee Waivers and Scholarships; (4) Residency Requirements; (5) Reciprocity Agreements; and (6) Fee-Specific Policies.

    September 2003 ~ 22pp. ~ Pub #8A24 ~ Printed copies available ~ PDF ~ 1.4 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Informing Public Policy: Financial Aid and Student Persistence

    This is one of a series of the Changing Direction documents produced to foster greater understanding of key issues related to establishing stronger alignment of financial aid and financing policies. The primary objective of this report is to shed light on the topic of institutionally and statefunded grants to students attending public higher education institutions. While there has been a fair amount of research conducted on state financial aid, much less is known about how institutional grants are used in public colleges and universities. This study uses data from a nationally representative survey of the U.S. Department of Education to analyze the characteristics of students receiving these grants and whether the awarding of these grants is related to persistence and degree attainment. A secondary objective is to familiarize state and institutional policymakers with the type of data available from the federal government that could be used for conducting their own analyses of student persistence.

    August 2003 ~ 40pp. ~ Pub #8A21 ~ Printed copies available ~ PDF ~ 2.2 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Integrating Financial Aid and Financing Policies: Case Studies from Five States

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    These case studies of Arizona, Connecticut, Florida, Missouri, and Oregon were designed to help equip policymakers and higher education leaders from all sectors more effectively address key public policy issues concerning the structuring of financing and financial aid to achieve goals of access to quality higher education. The overarching question the project hoped to address through the case studies and other project activities was: How can policymakers at all levels – most particularly those at the state level – more effectively integrate tuition, financial aid, and appropriations policies in ways that promote student participation and completion? The results of the states’ work are linked back to the overall goals and objectives of the Changing Direction project in an effort to illustrate how the integration of public policies around financing and financial aid might be approached.

    August 2003 ~ 42pp. ~ Pub #8A23 ~ Printed copies available ~ PDF ~ 2.9 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Linking Tuition and Financial Aid Policy: The State Legislative Perspective

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    Realizing the importance of state legislatures in discussions relating to issues on financial aid and financing in higher education, WICHE commissioned the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) to create and administer a survey of state legislators to explore linkages between state funding and state student financial aid policy. The survey is part of a major project, Changing Direction: Integrating Higher Education Financial Aid and Financing Policies, supported by Lumina Foundation for Education, that examined how to structure financial aid and financing policies and practices to maximize participation, access, and success for all students. Because state legislators are key players in the education policymaking process, their insights contributed significantly to the overall work of this project.

    August 2003 ~ 21pp. ~ Pub #8A22 ~ Printed copies available ~ PDF ~ 1 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Virtual College & University Consortia

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    WCET and the State Higher Education Executive Officers (SHEEO) jointly sponsored this 2002-2003 study to examine the goals, functions, challenges, and outcomes of statewide virtual universities across the U.S. This is a complete and seminal work on the state of these statewide support organizations, written by Rhonda M. Epper and Myk Garn.

    August 2003 ~ 67pp. ~ PDF ~ 818 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Registered Nursing Shortages: Public Policy, and Higher Education in the Western States

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    June 2003 ~ 6pp. ~ PDF ~ 98 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Policies in Sync: Appropriations, Financial Aid and Financing for Higher Education

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    This compilation of four papers is Changing Direction’s initial look into a system comprised of integrated financial aid and financing policies and includes: (1) Financing in Sync: Aligning Fiscal Policy with State Objectives; (2) The Governance Context for State Policies on Appropriations, Tuition, and Financial Aid; (3) Informing the Integration of Tuition, Student Financial Aid, and State Appropriations Policies; and (4) Information Sources for Answering Key Financing and Financial Aid Policy Questions: Current Practice and Future Possibilities. Each paper examines a different aspect—a conceptual framework, governance, data as a tool to integrate policy, and what states need to know to design integrated policies—all of which are critical to this alignment.

    April 2003 ~ 74pp. ~ Pub #8A20 ~ PDF ~ 1.1 MB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Online Advanced Placement Courses: Experiences of Rural and Low-Income High School Students

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    The purpose of this special study was to examine rural and low-income students’ experiences with online Advanced Placement (AP)
    courses.  In April and May 2002, 30 students, their mentors and school administrators were interviewed at four rural high schools in two Western states about their experiences with online AP courses.

    March 2003 ~ Pub #8A10 ~ PDF ~ DOWNLOAD

  • Legislative & Board Overview 2002

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    January 2003 ~ 8pp. ~ PDF ~ 890 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Pathways To and Through College: Linking Policy with Research and Practice

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    January 2003 ~ 6pp. ~ PDF ~ 756 KB~ DOWNLOAD

  • Tuition and Fees in the West 2002-03

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    January 2003 ~ 4pp. ~ PDF ~ 193 KB~ DOWNLOAD