Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2015

  • Benchmarks WICHE Region 2015, title slide.
  • Based on the most recent available data, for 2010, 26 out of 100 ninth graders in the West do not finish high school and an additional 31 do not go on to college. Only 19 graduate on time from college. Nationally, about 27 out of 100 ninth graders do not finish high school and 28 more do not go on to college. About 22 graduate on time from college.Note: Data are approximate in order to ensure that each state’s sum equals 100. Source: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS), www.high
  • The Western region consistently surpasses the U.S. on the enrollment of adult students as undergraduates as a percent of the total adult population. After recent upticks presumably related to the recessionary economy, the U.S. ratio was down in 2013, while it continued to increase slightly in the West.Notes: Data are undergraduate students age 25-49 enrolled for credit at degree-granting, non-profit, Title IV-eligible, public and private two- and four-year institutions. Enrollment by age is mandatory for re
  • In the West, successfully progressing from ninth grade to high school graduation varies starkly by race/ethnicity. The most recent data available shows small upticks for all races/ethnicities, but American Indians/Alaska Natives, Black non-Hispanics and Hispanics lag substantially. Notes: Completers are those who received a high school diploma; GED recipients are not included. Detailed information about the data used is available at www.wiche.edu/knocking-8th/technicalNotes. Sources: National Center for Edu
  • The West in 2013 enrolled higher proportions of students of Asian/Pacific Islander and White non-Hispanic origin than their proportional share of the general population. The West improved its enrollment rate among Hispanics and Blacks over 2003, but enrollment proportions for American Indians/Alaska Natives declined. Notes: Calculated as the ratio of the proportion full-time undergraduates of each race/ethnic group among all full-time undergraduates, to the proportion of members of each race/ethnic group in
  • In 2013-14, the West awarded proportionately fewer bachelor’s degrees to students from Black non-Hispanic, Hispanic and American Indian/Alaska Native backgrounds, as compared to each group’s share of the general population. The West improved the most among Hispanics when comparing to bachelor’s completion in 2003, whereas completion rates declined among American Indians/Alaska Natives. Notes: Calculated as the ratio of the proportion of the bachelor’s degrees awarded to members of each race/ethnic group am
  • Poverty rates among youth approaching traditional college age in the West are slightly higher than the nation. But, the West lags the nation in the share of Pell recipients among undergraduates. These ratios and Figure 11 attempt to measure access and affordability for low-income populations, albeit imperfectly due to data limitations (some data initiatives underway may provide better data in future years). Regardless, the nation and the West will struggle to serve under-resourced students.
  • In the past decade, the average tuition and fees published price at public four-year institutions in the West has increased 96%, and 62% at public two-year colleges. Increases in the last several years are moderate compared to prior years but continue to trend upward.
  • The ratio of household income to average published tuition and fees at public institutions has increased dramatically over the past decade at all institutional types.
  • The amount of total grant financial aid per FTE in the region’s public institutions increased almost 50% over the five academic years between 2007-08 to 2011-12 but is recently leveling out.
  • In the West, state need-based grant aid to undergraduates per FTE increased about 9% between academic years 2012-13 and 2013-14. It was up almost 50% since five years prior, compared to a 16% increase for the U.S. over that period.
  • The share of the full-time entering cohort of students in the West receiving federal financial aid (mainly Pell grants) climbed dramatically during the recession years and then decreased slightly in 2012-13.
  • Savings to families and/or students through participation in WICHE’s Western Under­graduate Exchange (WUE) program have grown substantially in the last several years.
  • State appropriations per FTE in the region showed an increase of 4% in FY 2014 over the previous year, and are up 8% compared to their recent low-point in FY 2012, but they still remain significantly lower than pre-recession levels.
  • Net tuition and fees in the West accounted for 41% of total revenue from appropriations and tuition and fees per FTE in FY 2014, compared to 30% in FY 2008.
  • The West’s regional average state tax revenue per capita, adjusted for inflation, remains well above the national rate, but it is barely more in 2014 than pre-recession (with fluctuations in between years largely reflecting revenue changes in Alaska and North Dakota).

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2015 presents information on the West’s progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually with the most recent data available, to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities.

Click here for a PDF of all 15 benchmark charts.

Benchmarks: WICHE Region 2015 presents information on the West’s progress in improving access to, success in, and financing of higher education. The information is updated annually with the most recent data available, to monitor change over time and encourage its use as a tool for informed discussion in policy and education communities.

Background Data Tables

Click here for a single 'zipped' file of all 15 data tables of the state-by-state data used in the Benchmarks figures, or select individual tables from the list below.

Figure 1 The Education Pipeline
Figure 2 Undergraduate Enrollment Among 25-49 Year Olds as a Percent of Population
Figure 3 Percentage of Public High School Completers as a Proportion of the Number of 9th Graders Four Years Earlier, by Race/Ethnicity
Figure 4 Share of Full-Time Undergraduate Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity vs Share of Population by Race/Ethnicity
Figure 5 Share of Bachelor's Degrees Awarded by Race/Ethnicity vs Share of Population by Race/Ethnicity
Figure 6 College Participation and Impoverishment
Figure 7 Average Resident Undergraduate Tuition and Fees at Public Four-Year and Two-Year Institutions
Figure 8

Ratio of Tuition and Fees to Median Household Income, Public Institutions

Figure 9 Grant Aid per FTE in Public Institutions
Figure 10 Need-Based Grant Aid Awarded by State Grant Programs per FTE (One-Third)
Figure 11 Percentage of First-Time Full-Time Degree/Certificate-Seeking Students Receiving Federal Grant Aid
Figure 12 WUE Total Savings to Families and/or States
Figure 13 Total State and Local Appropriations to Higher Education per FTE
Figure 14 Revenues from State and Local Appropriations and Tuition and Fees per FTE, Public Institutions
Figure 15 State Tax Revenue Per Capita