Consumer-Driven Standards and Guidelines in Managed Mental Health for Populations of African Descent

Definition of Practice Guidelines  Used in the Report

  • The term practice guideline refers to a set of patient care strategies developed to assist in clinical decision making (Zarin, 1993).
  • The best treatments and the range of appropriate treatments available to patients with mental illness (Zarin, 1993).
  • A listing of key decision points and general suggestions in the day to day treatment of patients with various psychiatric disorders (McEvoy, 1996)
  • Systematically developed statements on (medical) practice that assist a practitioner and a patient in making decisions about appropriate health care for specific medical conditions (United Healthcare, 1994)
  • Description of a course of treatment or established practice pattern designed to guide clinical treatment decisions (Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, 1995)
  • Terms used synonymously include practice parameters, standard treatment protocols & clinical practice guidelines (United Healthcare, 1994)

 

Working Definition as used in this report

  • A set of strategies, techniques, and treatment approaches that support or lead to a specific standard(s) of care that guides mental health systems, clinical care, and professions in their relationships to consumers (Davis, 1997)
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Clinical Guidelines Needed to Provide Managed Mental Health Services to consumers of African descent:

  • Prevention, Education, & Outreach
  • Comprehensive Assessment & Triage
  • Development of Treatment Plans
  • Implementation of Treatment Plans
  • Self - Help Opportunities
  • Access to Services
  • Styles of Communication
  • Ongoing Program Development
  • Outcome Evaluation
  • Discharge Planning


Guidelines for each of these areas were developed by the Panel.