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The Aftermath of a ‘Trump’ Incident: Fear, Anger, and Resolve

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 23, 2016 - 2:55am
The election of Donald Trump has heightened conflicts on campuses, but it has also thrown into public view discord that many say was there all along.
Categories: Higher Education News

How to Talk About Higher Ed Around the Thanksgiving Table: a Brief Guide

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 23, 2016 - 2:55am
On Thursday you may face some questions on topics that aren’t in your wheelhouse. Here are some tips on answering them.
Categories: Higher Education News

What It’s Like to Be Named to a Watch List of ‘Anti-American’ Professors

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 23, 2016 - 2:55am
Many scholars aren’t sure whether to criticize the list or crack jokes about it. But some professors on the list say their work cuts to the essence of what it means to be an American.
Categories: Higher Education News

Retirement Incentives

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 10:00pm
How to help faculty members view retirement as an opportunity, not a threat.
Categories: Higher Education News

Federal Judge Block’s Obama’s Overtime-Pay Rule

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 5:52pm
In an action that could have enormous implications for colleges, a judge halted the administration’s move to extend overtime pay to millions more workers just days before the change was to take effect.
Categories: Higher Education News

NCAA Wipes Out 2 Years of Notre Dame Wins in Football

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 11:17am
A student trainer was found to have provided certain players with extra benefits and to have helped two players cheat.
Categories: Higher Education News

Yale to Pay $3 Million to Settle Lawsuit Over Murder of Student in Lab

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 10:59am
Annie Le, a graduate student, was killed in 2009 by a research technician only days before her planned wedding. The technician is now serving 44 years in prison.
Categories: Higher Education News

Associate Athletic Director at Baylor U. Is Charged With Assaulting a Reporter

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 10:27am
The reporter was taking a picture with a football player when, the reporter said, an athletics official grabbed him by the throat.
Categories: Higher Education News

U. of Kansas Cheerleaders Are Suspended From Squad Over 'KKK' Snapchat

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 10:21am
One cheerleader denied posting the photo, which shows three male cheerleaders wearing Kansas letter sweaters and was captioned "Kkk go trump."
Categories: Higher Education News

Chancellor Gets No-Confidence Vote at Indiana U.-Purdue U. Campus

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 2:56am
The campus faces pressure on two fronts: deep financial challenges and legislative talks about dividing its programs between Indiana and Purdue Universities.
Categories: Higher Education News

Video: Remaking the Liberal Arts

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 2:55am
Katherine Bergeron, president of Connecticut College, discusses how it revamped its curriculum to help students better connect their experiences in and out of the classroom and to help them develop a broad question to frame their education.
Categories: Higher Education News

For Jittery Academics, Trump’s Education Transition Chief May Bring Calm

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 22, 2016 - 2:55am
In a long Education Department career, James Manning has been known as a steady hand without partisan proclivities.
Categories: Higher Education News

How Race and College Intersected in the Election

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 21, 2016 - 11:46pm
White support for Donald Trump plunged by 18 percentage points if voters had earned a college degree. Why?
Categories: Higher Education News

Seven Sisters Presidents Post Open Letter to Stephen Bannon

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 21, 2016 - 9:41am
The leaders of the seven prestigious women's colleges denounced remarks made by Mr. Bannon in the past and asked that he "take a more expansive, informed, and tolerant worldview."
Categories: Higher Education News

Will Higher Ed Regulations Weather the Perfect Storm Prepared to Sink Them?

WCET Frontiers Blog - November 21, 2016 - 9:17am

Even George Clooney could not save the day as three storm fronts converged on his doomed fishing boat in 2000’s The Perfect Storm. Similarly, a new Republican President, Republican Congress, and an obscure law will come together to sink eight years of Obama Administration regulatory work.

As Inside Higher Ed states this morning, some regulations are headed for the bottom of the ocean. Unlike George Clooney’s boat, some regulations may be a bit harder to sink.

These Guys Hate Regulations

You probably knew that, but the 2016 Republican Party Platform states:

“The President has been regulating to death a free market economy that he does not like and does not understand.”  

Despite the hyperbole of that sentence, the Republicans have shown every indication that they plan to drastically reduce regulations in higher education and throughout government. In a brief conversation with Tim Powers of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, he told me that some regulations with be dispatched quickly while others will be much more difficult to undo.

The Little-Known “Congressional Review Act”

Prior to predicting what the future might bring, I need to geek-out a bit on an obscure piece of law: The Congressional Review Act (CRA). Signed into law by President Clinton (a little irony here) in 1996, the CRA has been only once early in the George W. Bush presidency to remove the Clinton Administration’s ergonomic regulations.

The CRA is most useful during presidential transitions from one party to another. It allows Congress may overturn “midnight regulations” enacted in the waning day of a presidential administration in anticipation of the president of another party taking office.

The CRA was written for the “perfect storm” of conditions that now exist. The provisions include:

  • Congress can review any regulation in the last 60 days of an administration. Since “days” is defined by the days Congress is in session (and the current Congress did not meet very often), the review calendar extends back to May 2016. According to the New York Times, about 150 rules of all types are “potentially vulnerable to the ax” not counting any new ones that may be issued in the coming weeks.
  • Rules are expedited so that the legislation of “Congressional disapproval” to remove targeted rules are not subject to traditional methods of delaying or killing action:
    • The legislation cannot be assigned to committees, where action could be delayed by those in favor of keeping the regulations.
    • Most importantly, the Senate cannot filibuster the legislation. Overcoming a filibuster usually requires 60 Senate votes. Under the CRA, only a majority vote is required in the Senate. Since Republicans hold the majority, they can win this vote only with members of their own party, whereas overcoming a filibuster would require Democrats to jump ship and join them.
  • Another killer provision is summarized by the Center for Progressive Reform (underlining added): Under the CRA, when Congress adopts a joint resolution of disapproval for a regulation, this not only nullifies the regulation in question, it also prohibits a federal agency from reissuing the same regulation again or from promulgating a regulation that is substantially similar, unless the new or reissued regulation is supported by a new statute adopted after the joint resolution of disapproval. It is not clear how different a new regulation must be from a disapproved old regulation in order to satisfy this requirement.” This could have long term limitations on the regulations that are removed through use of this act.
  • The Center for Progressive Reform also stated: “The CRA provides that any ‘determination, finding, action, or omission’ made pursuant to the CRA cannot be challenged in court.” Given the rule had been used only once, this provision has not been tested and very well could be in 2017.

For a more complete history, see “Mysteries of the Congressional Review Act” published a few years ago by the Harvard Law Review.

What Else Can Be Done to Kill Regulations?
  • If not subject to the Congressional Review Act, regulations could be killed by other means such as:
  • Legislative Repeal. However, this would require overcoming a Senate filibuster.
  • Reissuing the Regulation. This involves a complex set of steps.
  • Legislative Budget Prohibition. The budget of the department in question could include a clause forbidding spending of any funds to enforce a regulation.
  • Administrative Prohibition. The new department heads could prohibit enforcement of the regulation.
…But What Does That Mean For Me?

Let’s look at the impact on several regulations we have been following…

State Authorization

The final regulation has yet to be released. See our comments on the proposed regulation. Part of me thinks that they will release it to force the Trump administration to kill it. On the other hand, if it is killed by the Congressional Review Act, the Department of Education’s state authorization regulation could be dead for a very long time. Either way, it is impossible to envision a scenario in which this regulation will be enforced any time soon.

BUT WAIT! For those who want to read this as meaning that colleges don’t need to pay attention to state authorization any longer, they are wrong. The states have always expected you to follow their laws. Several states have toughened their laws. If you are a SARA institution, that organization also expects you to follow its expectations for participation.

Teacher Prep

On October 12 of this year, the Department of Education released the final, controversial Teacher Preparation regulations. The regulation required every state to conduct additional reviews of (nearly) every teacher preparation program placing new teachers in the state. The requirements for teacher education programs offered at a distance are bizarre. The comment periods for this regulation attracted overwhelming negative response. The regulation will be subject to the Congressional Review Act and is probably toast.

For Profit Regulations

The Republicans are upset over the Obama administration’s treatment of for-profit colleges. Last week’s Inside Higher Ed said: The department wrote its regulations on gainful employment and borrower defense in response to what high-ranking administration officials and consumer advocates saw as fraud and abuse within an industry that experienced a boom after the Great Recession.” While those regulations are primarily aimed at for-profit institutions, some of their provisions have implications for other higher education sectors.

Rep. Virginia Foxx is on Trump’s transition team and is the incoming chair of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce. The article cites her as assuring that: “Republicans will do everything they can to roll back those rules.”

The Borrower Defense regulations included specific requirements for loan repayments for institutions that close. It also includes strict penalties for institutions of all types that misrepresent themselves or their programs to students. It was released only a few weeks ago and will probably be subject to CRA legislation. Again, this will be toast.

The Gainful Employment rules will not be subject to the CRA. It will take much more legislative effort to roll those back. This will be interesting to watch

Accreditation

I’ve heard that there will be less reliance on accrediting agencies to serve as the de facto compliance arm of the Department of Education…much to the delight of the accrediting agencies. On the other hand, the new administration’s focus on workforce skills may lead to the approval of new accrediting agencies. One outcome of such approval would be to open the door for alternative providers (boot camps, MOOC companies) to offer federal aid to their students…should they want to do so. Some of those providers are loath to have any third-party oversight.

In Conclusion…

We will watch the coming actions with great interest and will report on them to you. It will be interesting to see what the consumer protection groups do as they have worked hard for these regulations. They might turn their attention to helping students use litigation, state attorneys general, or the press to reign in abuses by institutions of all types.

Finally…

Each of these regulations have sections that will definitely be missed.

Each of them went too far or were too complex.

Too bad we cannot come to reasonable compromise. We need the George Clooney with the guile of Three Kings, the cunning of Ocean’s Eleven, and the charm of Oh Brother, Where Art Thou? to write a happy ending.

Want more information on how the 2016 election results will impact higher education? Join WCET for a moderated conversation about higher education in the 2017 political climate. The free webcast will take place at 1:00 PM CST, Wednesday, December 7. Bring your questions. Special thanks to Blackboard, Inc. for cosponsoring this webcast.

Register Today!  Follow the Twitter feed at #WCETwebcast.


Russell Poulin
Director, Policy & Analysis
WCET – The WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies
rpoulin@wiche.edu
@russpoulin

 

Thank you to Ken Salomon (Thompson Coburn, LLP), Van Davis (Blackboard), and others  who have provided insights in the last few weeks. Some asked not to be named.


Under Trump, Scientists May Get a Break on Data-Sharing

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 21, 2016 - 2:56am
The Association of American Universities worries that the open-access policies federal research agencies are developing now are not sufficiently aligned. Any slowdown in putting them in place, it says, is "probably a positive."
Categories: Higher Education News

How Students Play a Supporting Role in Campus Labor Movements

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 21, 2016 - 2:55am
Student groups are often non-hierarchical, making it easier to mobilize but tougher to pass along institutional knowledge.
Categories: Higher Education News

Are Students ‘Learning Anything About Love Here’?

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 20, 2016 - 4:30pm
Anna Deavere Smith, master of documentary theater, talks about personal narrative, empathy, and colleges’ potential to reach vulnerable students and to disrupt cliques.  
Categories: Higher Education News

Coaches Offer Unfiltered Views of NCAA Scholarship Limits

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 20, 2016 - 4:30pm
Many believe the association’s aid system is flawed — but not in the way you might think.
Categories: Higher Education News

Getting Up to Speed as a New President

Chronicle of Higher Education - November 20, 2016 - 4:30pm
The college presidency is a demanding job that has grown more daunting in a time of strained budgets and fast-moving controversies. Aspiring leaders have a lot to learn.
Categories: Higher Education News

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